Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal
Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Malay: Wilayah Persekutuan
Kuala Lumpur) and commonly known as KL, is the national
capital and largest city in Malaysia. As the global city
of Malaysia, it covers an area of 243 km2 (94 sq mi) and
has an estimated population of 1.73 million as of 2016.
Greater Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Klang Valley, is
an urban agglomeration of 7.25 million people as of
2017. It is among the fastest growing metropolitan
regions in Southeast Asia, in both population and
Kuala Lumpur is the cultural, financial and economic centre of Malaysia. It is also home to the Parliament of Malaysia and the official residence of the Malaysian King (Yang di-Pertuan Agong), the Istana Negara. The city once held the headquarters of the executive and judicial branches of the federal government, but these were relocated to Putrajaya in early 1999. However, some sections of the political bodies still remain in Kuala Lumpur.
Kuala Lumpur is one of the three Federal Territories of Malaysia, enclaved within the state of Selangor, on the central west coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Since the 1990s, the city has played host to many international sporting, political and cultural events including the 1998 Commonwealth Games and the 2017 Southeast Asian Games. Kuala Lumpur has undergone rapid development in recent decades and is home to the tallest twin buildings in the world, the Petronas Towers, which have since become an iconic symbol of Malaysian development.